[PDF COPY OF CV, including presentations, positions, etc.]


Harris, D., Luka, M. E., & Markham, A. (Eds.) (2022). Massive/Micro Autoethnography: Creative learning in COVID times. Springer.

Markham, A., & Tiidenberg, K. (2020). Metaphors of Internet: Ways of Being in the Age of Ubiquity. UK: Peter Lang.

Markham, A. & Baym, N. (2009). Internet Inquiry: Conversations about method. Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage.

Markham, A. (1998). Life Online: Researching real experiences in virtual space. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.


Pronzato, R., & Markham, A. (accepted with minor revisions). Returning to critical pedagogy in a world of datafication. Convergence. Draft available on request.

Markham, A. (in press). Failure as reflexive method: Using critical junctures to think otherwise. In Hjorth, L., et al. (Eds). The Failurists. Routledge.

Luka, M. E., Markham, A. (in press). The practice of multi-modal research translation: Creating On Method. Scholarly and Research Communication. [DBPR]

Maddox, A., Flore, J., Markham, A., Lewis, T., Denham, D., Ilyushina, N., MacDonald, T., Waters-Lynch, J., Holcombe-James, I., Nabben, K. (2022). Are people ready for a Digital CBD? The new infrastructure demands. Report.

Markham, A. N. (2022). The ontological insecurity of disconnecting: A theory of echolocation and the self. In Chia, A., Jorge, A., and Karppi, T. (Eds.). Reckoning with Social Media: Disconnection in the Age of the Techlash (37-59). Rowman & Littlefield. early draft available here

Markham, A. (2022). Making sense of what we cannot see. Imaginations. [PR]. DOI:

Potts, J., Berg, C., Markham, A., Warren, M., Lewis, T., Paraso, M., Maddox, A., Allen, D., Salehi Shahraki, A., & Kearney, T. (2021). The future of the digital CBD: Melbourne and beyond. Report.

Lewis, T., Markham, A., & Holcombe-James, I. (2021). Embracing Liminality and “Staying with the Trouble” on (and off) Screen. M/C Journal, 24(3).

Herman, A., Luka, M.E., Markham, A., Dilkes, D., Pronzato, R., Sarawatay, Carlson, R., Stirling, F. (2021) Collaborating at microscopic and massive scales: The challenge and value of Covid isolation for critical internet studies. AoIR 2021: The 22nd Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers. October 2021 (virtual conference).

Markham, A. N. (2021). Echolocation as theory of digital sociality. Convergence. Personal (near final) version available here. 

Markham, A. N. (2020). Doing ethnographic research in the digital age. SocArXives. Available online at
(preprint copy of forthcoming chapter in P. Leavy (Ed.). The Field of Qualitative Research (pp forthcoming). Oxford University Press. Update: as of 2022, not published yet, so please use preprint citation.

Markham, A. (2020). Pattern Recognition: Using rocks, wind, water, anxiety, and doom scrolling in a slow apocalypse. Qualitative Inquiry, 27(3),

Markham, A., & Harris, A. (2020). Prompts for making sense of a pandemic: The 21- day autoethnography challenge. Qualitative Inquiry, 27(3).

Markham, A., Harris, A., & Luka, M. E. (2020). Massive and Microscopic Sensemaking during COVID-19 Times. Qualitative Inquiry, 27(3).

Markham, A. N. (2020). Ways of being in the digital age. In Markham, A., & Tiidenberg, K. (Eds.). Metaphors of Internet: Ways of Being in the Age of Ubiquity (pp. 3-12). New York: Peter Lang.

Markham, A. N. (2020). Echolocating the digital self. In Markham, A., & Tiidenberg, K. (Eds.). Metaphors of Internet: Ways of Being in the Age of Ubiquity (pp. 197-202). New York: Peter Lang.

Markham, A. (2020). The limits of the imaginary: Challenges to intervening in future speculations of memory, data, and algorithms. New Media & Society. (pre-publication draft available here.)

Markham, A. N., Stavrova, S., & Schlüter, M. (2020). Netflix, imagined affordances, and the illusion of control. In Plothe, T., & Buck, A. (Eds.). Netflix at the Nexus: Content, Practice, and Production in the Age of Streaming Television (pp. 29-46). London: Peter Lang. draft copy available here

Markham, A., & Pereira, G. (2019). Analyzing public interventions through the lens of experimentalism: The case of the Museum of Random Memory. Digital Creativity, 30(4), 235-256. DOI: 10.1080/14626268.2019.1688838

Markham, A., & Pereira, G. (2019). Experimenting with algorithmic memory-making: Lived experience and future-oriented ethics in critical data science. Frontiers in Big Data (Proceedings of the 13th International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media).

Markham, A. N. (2019). Taking Data Literacy to the Streets: Critical Pedagogy in the Public Sphere. Qualitative Inquiry, 26(2). doi:  Link to personal copy here.

Markham, A. N. (2018). Afterword: Ethics as Impact—Moving from error-avoidance and concept- driven models to a future-oriented approach. Social Media + Society, 4(3), 1-12. Available from:

Markham, A., Tiidenberg, K., & Herman, A. (2018). Ethics as method. Social Media + Society, 4(3). Available from:

Markham, A. N. (2018). Critical pedagogy as a response to datafication. Qualitative Inquiry, 25(8). DOI: Personal copy available here.

Markham, A. N. (2018). Bricolage. In Gallagher, O., Navas, E., & Burroughs, x. (Eds.). Keywords in Remix Studies (43-55). London: Routledge. personal reprint here. Early personal draft available as a blog entry:

Markham, A. N. (2017). Troubling the concept of data in digital qualitative research. In Flick, U. (Ed.). Handbook of Qualitative Data Collection (511-523). London: Sage. Personal reprint copy available here

Markham, A., & Gammelby, A. K. (2017). Moving through digital flows: An epistemological and practical approach. In Flick, U. (Ed.). Handbook of Qualitative Data Collection (451-465). London: Sage. Personal reprint copy available here

Rehder, M., Pereira, G., & Markham, A. (2017). “Clip, move, adjust”: Video editing as reflexive rhythmanalysis in networked publics. Selected Papers of #AoIR2017: Proceedings of the 18th international conference of the Association of Internet Researchers. Available as March 15, 2017 blogpost version

Tiidenberg, K., Markham, A.N., Pereira, G., Rehder, M., Sommer, J., Dremljuga, R., & Dougherty, M. (2017). “I’m an addict” and other sensemaking devices: A discourse analysis of self-reflections of lived experience on social media. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Social Media & Society. Article No. 21. Available:

Markham, A. N., & Buchanan, E. (2017). Research ethics in context: Decision-making in digital research. In Schäfer, M. T., & van Es., K. (Eds). The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data (201-209). Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press. personal reprint copy here

Markham, A. N. (2017). Remix as a literacy for future anthropology practice. In Salazar, J., Pink, S., & Irving, A. (Eds.). Anthropologies and Futures: Researching emerging and uncertain worlds (pp 225-241). Bloomsbury Press. Final draft version available in PDF from

Markham, A. N. (2017). Ethnography in the digital era: From fields to flow, descriptions to interventions. In Denzin, N., & Lincoln, Y. (Eds.). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, 5th Edition (650-668). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Final Draft version available for download on

Markham, A. N. (2016). Remix(ando) métodos qualitativos para os contextos das mídias digitais e sociais. In Campanello, B., & Barros, C. (Eds.) Etnografia e consumo midiático: Novas tendências e desafios metodológicos (chapter 5). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Editoria e-papers.

Markham, A. N., & Stavrova, S. (2016). Internet/Digital Research. In Silverman, D. (Ed). Qualitative Research, 4E (pp. 229-244). London: Sage. Pre-publication version available here.

Markham, A. N. (2016). From Using to Sharing: A story of shifting fault lines in privacy and data protection narratives. In Vanacker, B., & Heider, D. (Eds.). Digital Ethics. London: Peter Lang. Preprint personal copy available in PDF

Markham, A. N. (2015). Produsing ethics [for the digital near future]. In Lind, R. (Ed.). Produsing Theory in a Digital World 2.0: The Intersection of Audiences and Production in Contemporary Theory, Volume 2 (247-256). New York: Peter Lang. Personal final draft in PDF here

Markham, A. N., & Buchanan, E. (2015). Ethical considerations in digital research contexts. In Wright, J. (Ed.). Encyclopedia for Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp. 606-613). Elsiver Press. Final Draft available in PDF here

Markham, A. N., & Olesen, F. (2015). At anvende kvalitativ metode i uregerlige digitale rum. In Pallesgaard Munk, K., Ege Møller, J., & Bengtsen, S. (Eds.). Metodefetichisme. Kvalitativ metode på afveje? – Ophav, kritik, nye perspektiver. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press.

Markham, A. N. & Lindgren, S. (2014). From object to flow: Network sensibilities, symbolic interactionism, and social media. In Johns, M. D., Chen, S., & Terlip, L. (Eds.). Symbolic Interaction and New Media (Studies in Symbolic Interactionism, 43), 7-41. Initially publishedin 2012 via SSRN. Personal reprint version available here

Markham, A. (2013). Fieldwork in social media: What would Malinowski do?  Journal of Qualitative Communication Research, 2(4) 434-446. DOI: 10.1525/qcr.2013.2.4.434. Reprint version available in PDF here

Markham, A. (2013). Undermining ‘data’: A critical examination of a core term in scientific inquiry. First Monday, 18(10). Available at: doi:10.5210/fm.v18i10.4868.

Markham, A. N. (2013). Remix culture, remix methods: Reframing qualitative inquiry for social media contexts.  In Denzin, N., & Giardina, M. (Eds.).  Global Dimensions of Qualitative Inquiry inquiry (pp. 63-81). Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Markham, A. N. (2013). Dramaturgy of digital experience.  in Edgley, C. (Ed.). The drama of social life: A dramaturgical handbook (pp. 279-294).  Ashgate Press. Personal reprint copy here

Markham, A., & Buchanan, E. (2012). Ethical decision-making and Internet research: Recommendations from the AOIR ethics working committee (version 2.0). Available at

Markham, A. N. (2012). Moving into the flow: Using a network perspective to explore complexity in Internet contexts. In S. Lomborg (Ed.). Network Analysis: Methodological Challenges (pp. 47-58). Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus Center for Internet Research Monograph Series. Available here

Markham, A. N. (2012). Fabrication as ethical practice: Qualitative inquiry in ambiguous internet contexts. Information, Communication and Society.  Pre-publication draft available here:

Markham, A. N. (2011). Internet Research. In Silverman, D. (Ed.). Qualitative Research: Theory, Method, and Practices, 3rd Edition. London: Sage.

Markham, A. N. (2009). How can qualitative researchers produce work that is meaningful across time, space, and culture? In Markham, A. N., & Baym, N. K. (Eds.). Internet inquiry: Conversations about method (pp. 131-155). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Markham, A. N. (2009). Response: What constitutes quality in qualitative research? In Markham, A. N., & Baym, N. K. (Eds.). Internet inquiry: Conversations about method (pp. 190-197). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baym, N. K., & Markham, A. N. (2009). Introduction: Making smart choices on shifting ground. In Markham, A. N., & Baym, N. K. (Eds.). Internet inquiry: Conversations about method (pp. vii-xix). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Markham, A. N. (2008). The Internet in qualitative research. In L. Givens (Ed.), The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods (pp. 454-458). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Markham, A. (2006). Method as ethic, ethic as method. Journal of Information Ethics, 15(2), 37-55.

Markham, A. (2005). Disciplining the future: A critical organizational analysis of Internet Studies. The Information Society, 21, 257-267. DOI: 10.1080/01972240591007571. also available in personal reprint copy here

Markham , A. (2005). The politics, ethics, and methods of representation in online ethnography. In Denzin, N. & Lincoln, Y. (Eds.). Handbook of Qualitative Research, 3rd Edition (pp. 793-820). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.

Markham, A. (2005). Fragmented narrative and bricolage as interpretive method: Go Ugly Early. Qualitative Inquiry, 11(1), 813-839. also available in personal copy on request

Markham, A. (2004). Representation in online ethnographies: A matter of context sensitivity. In Chen, S. L. S., G. J. Hall and M. D. Johns (Eds.). Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics (pp. 131-145). New York: Peter Lang Publishers.

Markham, A. (2004). Internet Communication as a Tool for Qualitative Research. In Silverman, D. (Ed.). Qualitative Research: Theory, Method, and Practices, 2nd Edition. London: Sage.

Markham, A. (2004). Internet as Research Context. In Seale, C., Gubrium, J., Silverman, D., and Gobo, G. (Eds.). Qualitative Research Practice. London: Sage.

Markham, A. (2003). Critical junctures and ethical choices in Internet ethnography. In Thorseth, M. (Ed.) Applied Ethics in Internet Research, Trondheim, Norway: NTNU University Press. (Published conference proceedings). PDF here

Markham, A. (1996). Designing discourse: A critical analysis of strategic ambiguity and workplace control. Management Communication Quarterly, 9 (4), 389-421.

Salvador, M. & Markham, A. (1995). The rhetoric of self-directive management and the operation of organizational power. Communication Reports, 8 (1), 45-53.


Annette Markham is Professor of Media and Communication and Co-Director of the world-renowned Digital Ethnography Research Center (DERC) at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia. She also holds a fractional appointment as Professor MSO at Information Studies at Aarhus University, Denmark. She researches how users of digital media experience information flows, how datafication impacts identity formation, relationships, and social structures.

Annette is recognized and respected globally for her models for ethical decision making in digital research and design, as well as her work on emergent, inductive and innovative methodologies for doing research in digitally complex contexts.  She co-founded and co-directed the interdisciplinary and international Digital Living Masters Programme at Aarhus University, and is founder and director of the international Future Making Research Consortium ( as well as the Skagen Institute, which hosts an annual workshop and PhD course on Transgressive Methods. Full Curriculum Vitae here.

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